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Understand the Menstrual Cycle

Understanding your Menstrual Cycle is key to improving the chances of success with natural conception and also with any Fertility procedure if needed as these procedures will be timed according to your Menstrual cycle.   If you trying Naturally and having sexual intercourse at a time in the month where there is no egg available to fertilise then Conception and Potential Pregnancy can not happen.

The Menstrual Cycle is a natural monthly process being between the 1st day of your period until the day before your next period and involves a complex interplay of hormones including several distinct phases.

The length of the menstrual cycle can vary from person to person but the average is to have periods every 28 days.  Regular cycles that are shorter or longer than this between 23 and 35 days are normal.  It’s important to note that irregularities in the menstrual cycle can be caused by various factors such as stress, illness, hormonal imbalances, or underlying health conditions. If you have concerns about your menstrual cycle, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare provider for guidance and evaluation.  They can also help to regulate your periods which then helps to make it easier tracking when the best window is to have sexual intercourse to improve chances of success.

Below is an Overview of what happens during a typical Menstrual Cycle using the average of 28 days as an example.  Different people will have different times that each of the different stages happen and the next sections will help you find out how to find your ovulation time later.

Menstruation (Day 1-5)

The menstrual cycle begins with menstruation, usually referred to as a period. During this time the lining of the uterus called endometrium sheds and leads to bleeding that lasts typically 3 to 7 days.  If fertilisation of the egg has occurred this menstruation will not take place.

Follicular Phase (Day 1-13) - Follicles & Egg Prepare

Alongside with menstruation, the body starts preparing for the next ovulation. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is released by the Brains Pituitary Gland and this hormone stimulates the ovaries to produce multiple tiny sacs called follicles.   In each follicle is an immature egg called an oocyte.  Not in all cases but usually only one Follicle will mature and grow to the size required for it to rupture and release it’s egg.

Ovulation (around Day 14) - Egg Release

Around the middle of the menstrual cycle rises in the hormone Estrogen creates a surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) and its this LH surge that causes the mature egg (ovum) to release into the fallopian tube.   This is classified the fertile window and is the time that conception is most likely as with sexual activity there is the chance of the sperm meeting the Mature egg and fertilise the Egg.

Luteal Phase (Day 15-28)

After ovulation (egg release from the follicle), the empty follicle transforms into a structure called the corpus luteum, which produces progesterone. Progesterone helps prepare the uterine lining for potential pregnancy by making it thicker and more conducive for embryo implantation if Fertilisation of egg by the sperm was successful.

If no fertilisation occurred then the Corpus Luteum begins to break down and Progesterone levels drop initiating the start of the next Menstrual cycle and Menstruation (period).

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