The journey of Intrauterine Insemination begins with an initial consultation with a fertility specialist. If chosen as a Fertility treatment to try it is a relatively simple and less invasive form of fertility. During this appointment, the specialist will review the couple’s medical history, perform necessary tests, and discuss the best course of action. If IUI is chosen as the Fertility treatment the below describes the process:
1) Ovarian Monitoring
Before performing IUI, the healthcare provider closely monitors the individual’s menstrual cycle and ovulation. This may involve tracking hormone levels through blood tests and/or using ultrasound to monitor the growth and development of ovarian follicles. They may prescribe stimulation medications to stimulate follicle development.
2) Sperm Collection & Preparation
On the day of the IUI procedure, a semen sample is collected from the male partner or a sperm donor. The sample is then processed in the lab to effectively enhance the sperm sample isolating and concentrating the the healthiest and sperm with best motility. Motility being ability to swim. This preparation helps increase the chances of sperms ability to fertilize.
3) Insertion of Speculum
Similar to what happens in a regular Gynaecological exam a Speculum will be inserted into the Vagina which will help provide access to the cervix.
4) Catheter Insertion
The sperm sample will be entered into the end of a thin flexibile cather and this will guided by Healthcare provider gently through the cervix and into the uterus. The procedure is typically painless but may cause minor discomfort or some mild cramping for some.
5) Sperm Placement
Once the catheter is in the correct position within the uterus, the sperm sample is slowly injected into the uterine cavity. The aim is to place the sperm closer to the fallopian tubes where fertilization typically occurs.
6) Post Procedure Care
After the procedure, the catheter is carefully removed, and the individual is allowed to rest for a short period. Some individuals may experience mild cramping or discomfort, but this usually lasts only briefly. You may be prescribed medications to help support the next stages.
7) Wait for Pregnancy
Following the IUI procedure, you will need to wait for about two weeks before taking a pregnancy test. In order to have a positive pregnancy test result then there would have been successful fertilization and implantation of the embryo.