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Leg Cramps

What Causes Leg Cramps?

Leg cramps are common in pregnancy and tend to happen in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Most common is the calf to cramp but toes, feet and other leg muscles are also ones that can cramp. The pain is sudden and involuntary and can be pretty intense in your calf or foot most commonly happening at night.

The muscle that cramped can feel sore for up to day after

Why it happens is not fully known as yet but one hypothesis is that it can be caused by reduced levels of calcium or raised levels of phosporous in the blood.

What To Be Wary of If Feel Leg Cramps

If you notice any of the other following symptoms seek urgent medical treatment to rule out the possibility of a DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) which can be life threatening.

  • Swelling of the leg and or foot
  • Fever
  • Bluish colour in the leg
  • Change in temperature of the leg either hot or cold
  • The pain does not ease

What Can You Do If Get a Leg Cramp To Ease the Pain?

Walk Around

Although will be sore walking around will help ease off the cramps.

Massage The Cramping Area

Try massaging your calf muscle, foot or toes depending on where the cramps are.

Pull Foot Towards You

If you calf is cramping pull your foot towards you and if toes or foot pull the toes towards you and hold for about 20 seconds

Calf Stretches

In sitting place your foot against the wall or headboard and try to press your heel against the wall keeping the leg straight. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds.

If you are prone to cramping at night practice this stretch each night before going to bed.

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