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Placenta Issues

What Problems Can Occur With The Placenta During Pregnancy?

The Trophectoderm which is the outer part of the embryo forms the placenta during pregnancy. The placenta is an organ that only becomes present during pregnancy and develops in the uterus. It is expelled from the body after the baby has been born. Each pregnancy has its own placenta and therefore each placenta and its pregnancy can have different issues. You may have had a pregnancy before with no placenta issues and then this time round one of the below problems developed:

Placental Insufficiency

Placental Insufficiency only can become apparent in the last trimester. The placenta is not attaching in the best way to the uterus and this can cause problems in the arteries dilating therefore unable to deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to the baby which can cause problems with the fetal growth and baby development.

Symptoms include:

  • low amniotic fluid
  • babys growth slow or halted
  • less baby movement

To confirm whether Placental Insufficiency present your Doctor may:

  • order an ultrasound to check for placental features, calcium deposits and thickness and fetus size
  • test of babys heart rate and heart contractions

Placenta Previa

Placenta Previa occurs when the uterus opening called the Cervix is partially or fully blocked by the placenta. Usually happens after 20 weeks.

Symptoms include:

  • cramps
  • bleeding

An examination and ultrasound by your Doctor will confirm and usual treatment strategies include:

  • Medication
  • Activity rest including Sex

If condition unable to resolve by itself may indicate having a C-section.

Placenta Abruption

Placenta Abruption is extremely serious and happens when the placenta completely separates from the uterus cutting off the baby’s blood supply so nutrients and oxygen. Can lead to growth restriction, premature or stillbirth delivery and heavy bleeding to the mum which can be life threatening for her also.

Causes are usually traumas which involve injury to the abdomen or a rapid loss of amniotic fluid.

Placenta Abruption cannot be prevented but the risk factors can be dealt with such as avoiding smoking and drug use and keeping blood pressure under control.

Placenta Accreta

This is where the placenta embeds into the wall of the uterus too well. It usually only becomes known after the birth when the placenta won’t detach properly from the wall of the uterus and part or all of it hang’s on. This was an issue that Kim Kardashian experienced twice in her pregnancies. It can lead to severe blood loss after the delivery and often may need surgery at a later date to remove scar tissue and any left parts of the placenta.

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